It is no secret that investing in a particular company without taking the global situation in a particular sector or even in the country as a whole into account is quite dangerous and reckless. Choosing a stock for investment, you assume that market conditions will not change, and the same fluctuations in the rates of the national currency will not affect the value of the stock.
Now imagine a situation where you need to create a hedged stock portfolio and involve hundreds, or even thousands, of stocks and commodities of various companies and reserves around the world. It is naturally not possible to physically review all the fundamental data of each country where the company is located, as well as each individual sector of the economy, and consider all the risks for each stock. It is impossible to conduct trading directly with the index, because it is only an indicator, for this reason, indices trading in South Africa were developed for trading, as well as for reducing risks.
The problem of assessing all the fundamental factors, Forex signals for each company or industry has given rise to a clear and precise task — to create a financial instrument that could clearly reflect the current state of both the growth and the economy as a whole.
What is the Essence of a Financial Instrument
There are different indices that display both the state of the economies of certain countries and industry indices. These indices are compiled by special rating agencies, and they are periodically reviewed. A review of the indices basket is carried out regularly due to bankruptcy or withdrawal from the rating of the largest companies in the country.
Actually, the stock exchange index for the investor acts as a kind of guide and you can see the current state of a certain sector of the economy on it, even online. A rising index indicates an improvement in the country, while a decline, on the contrary, indicates deterioration.
Features of the Trading System
The key index of the National Stock Exchange of South Africa Limited, NSE is the NSE NIFTY 50 Index, an South African stock exchange headquartered in Mumbai. The CNX NSE NIFTY Index Group is owned by the South African Stock Exchange, South Africa Index Services and Products Ltd. (IISL). The main emphasis in the work is made on the international nature of trading, the introduction of the most advanced settlement systems and convenience for all participants.
The developed trading system allows you to make up to 450 million transactions during the day. The NSE NIFTY 50 Index is distinguished by the inclusion of the 50 largest companies, the use of Standard & Poors solutions and numerous enterprises in the real sector. Created only in 1995, the NSE NIFTY 50 features predictable ups and downs. The reason is clear: South Africa’s economy with more than a billion people is growing at an unprecedented pace, and the country has already established itself as a leader in the pharmaceutical field, software development, mining and minerals processing. An important role is played by one of the world’s largest developing markets and automobile transport marketing.
Indices of Various Exchanges
The stock index shows the value of a group of stocks from one country. It also shows its current, general and historical value. The most popular trading indices:
- DJIA. Dow Jones Industrial Average is a relative indicator, based on the value of shares of 30 US enterprises. Based on the market situation, the composition of participating companies may be reviewed. Measured in points.
- DAX-30. One of the most indicative indexes in Europe, the calculation of which uses stock prices of 30 leading German companies represented at Frankfurter Wertpapierbrse.
- FTSE-100. The London Stock Exchange indicator, which takes stock prices of 100 companies, including Aviva, BP, Vodafone and others into account.
Profit when working with indices is possible by making transactions with special contracts — futures or CFDs on indices. In the first case, the trader relies on the growth or decrease of the base indicator often with a broker. Making a deal, the broker operates with a whole package of shares included in the index.
CFDs let you enter into a deal near you to transfer the difference between the current value and the value in force at the time the contract is closed. Unlike operations with futures, fractional lots can be opened here, which let you start working with a small deposit.